HomeHealth & Fitness8 medical tests women in their 30s and 40s must undergo

8 medical tests women in their 30s and 40s must undergo

Worried for the ladies in your family who are in their thirties?

Then, this is for you.

Due to biological differences and gender inequalities, women are at a higher risk of various diseases and infections compared to men. According to the WHO, adolescent girls and young women worldwide are twice as likely to contract HIV as boys and young men. This risk factor is often associated with unwanted, and forced sexual activity.

Diseases such as malaria, HIV, and tuberculosis can have significant threats to both the pregnant woman and her foetus, as well as to the newborn child. The International Day of Action for Women’s Health, observed annually on May 28, aims to raise awareness about women’s health issues. In 1987, this was proposed by the Latin American and Caribbean Women’s Health Network (LACWHN) during the International Women’s Health Meeting in Costa Rica.

Dr Garima Sawhney, Senior Gynaecologist and Co-founder, of Pristyn Care says, “In India, around 69 lakh cancer deaths among women were preventable. 20–40% of deaths occur due to anaemia, and 1 out of 10 women is estimated to develop thyroid at least once before the age of 60. This indicates how precarious life is, more so post-pandemic.”

As women age, their bodies become more vulnerable to certain diseases. It is advisable for women in their 30s and 40s to undergo regular screenings to establish a health baseline and enable early detection of potential issues.

Dr Sawhney recommends the following tests for women in their 30s and 40s. Here they go.

1. Pap smear and HPV tests

This test is used to detect abnormal cell growth that can cause cervical cancer. Regular screening every 3-5 years is recommended, depending on age and previous results. Human papillomavirus (HPV) testing is also crucial for sexually active women, as HPV can lead to cervical cancer.

2. Mammogram and breast self-examination

This is a breast cancer screening test that is done to identify tumors and abnormalities at an early stage when treatment is most effective. Depending on individual circumstances, annual or biennial screenings are recommended. Regular breast self-examinations helps women become familiar with the normal appearance and feel of their breasts. Any changes detected should be promptly reported to a healthcare professional for evaluation.

3. Thyroid function test

TFT determines levels of the thyroid hormone in the body, helping in detection of diseases like hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism.

4. Blood pressure and cholesterol tests

The risk of cardiovascular diseases increases with age. A test for blood pressure and cholesterol every 4-6 years will help prevent heart diseases and brain strokes.

5. Blood glucose test

To detect conditions like diabetes and pre-diabetes, an annual blood glucose test is advised. This test becomes more crucial for people who are obese have a family history or have any other risk factor.

6. Bone density test

For detection of diseases like osteoporosis and bone loss, DEXA-scan is important especially if people have risk factors.

7. Eye test

To prevent eye health diseases like cataracts and glaucoma, a 2-year eye checkup is performed.

8. Cancer screening

Based on age, family history, and other risk factors, people at risk may also go for colon and skin cancer screening.

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