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Conjunctivitis Cases on the Rise: What is this Infection?

Conjunctivitis, sometimes known as “pink eye,” is becoming more common due to the country’s ongoing rain, particularly in New Delhi, Chandigarh, and Gujarat.

Symptoms of this disease include reddening of the eyes, itchiness, and pain, and a watery or thicker discharge. The illness may be brought on by germs, viruses, or allergies, and, in certain situations, it may be very contagious. Proper cleanliness is crucial for preventing illness, including avoiding touching the eyes with dirty hands and refraining from sharing items like towels, contact lenses, or eye makeup.

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Delhi Police has also shared a post on the same over Instagram:


What is Conjunctivitis?

The thin, transparent layer of tissue that lines the inside of the eyelid and covers the white area of the eye is called the conjunctiva, and swelling or inflammation of it is known as conjunctivitis, or “pink eye,” according to the American Optometric Association (AOA).

Common allergens like pollen or the prolonged use of a foreign object in the eye, such as hard contact lenses, can both lead to allergic conjunctivitis. Disease that is bacterial or viral is contagious. The AOA states that viral conjunctivitis is “most commonly caused by contagious viruses associated with the common cold,” whereas bacterial conjunctivitis is “most often caused by staphylococcal or streptococcal bacteria from your own skin or respiratory system”. It can happen after being exposed to someone else’s coughing or sneezing who has an upper respiratory tract illness.

The opposite is also true: chemical conjunctivitis “can be caused by irritants like air pollution, chlorine in swimming pools, and exposure to noxious chemicals”. The majority of cases of conjunctivitis in New Delhi this year are caused by viruses. Nearly 100 cases of this disease are recorded daily, according to Dr. JS Titiyal, director of the Dr. Rajendra Prasad Centre for Ophthalmic Sciences at AIIMS, Delhi. “There is an outbreak of keratoconjunctivitis, which is an inflammatory condition that affects both the conjunctiva and the superficial cornea, almost every alternate year, and the main cause is adenovirus solely in various strains.

Citizens are requested to maintain hygiene in their eyes to prevent the disease. Wash your eyes frequently and don’t rub dirty fingers on your eyes.

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